The latest AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety report includes the Impact of Information on Consumer Understanding of a Partially Automated Driving System. This study found that motorists using active driving assistance systems, which combine vehicle acceleration with braking and steering, tend to overlook safety limitations when the branding and marketing suggests a more “automated” driving experience.
Researchers found consumer information that stresses convenience and capabilities while minimizing limitations and responsibilities may lead to overconfidence regarding what the system can do and the situations that it can handle. AAA warns that a false sense of system capabilities created by marketing campaigns can lead to dangerous scenarios on the road.
In this latest AAA Foundation study, 90 research participants received a brief overview of an active driving assistance system with a realistic but fictitious name. Before driving the same vehicle, half of the participants were told their system was called “AutonoDrive” and were given an upbeat training that emphasized the system’s capabilities and driver convenience. The other half of the participants were told their system was named “DriveAssist,” and their training placed greater emphasis on the system’s limitations and driver responsibility.
Participants trained on AutonoDrive came away with greater confidence — and in some cases, overconfidence — in the system. After completing the training and driving the test vehicle, 42% of the participants using AutonoDrive, said its name made the system sound more capable than it is, while only 11% of DriveAssist users felt the same. Also, compared to those who learned about DriveAssist, participants trained on AutonoDrive were more likely to believe erroneously that the system would behave as outlined below.
Sample Perception Differences between AutonoDrive versus DriveAssist
|The system would make them feel more comfortable eating while driving||65%||27%|
|The system would make them feel more comfortable using a handheld cell phone||45%||13%|
|The system can take action to avoid a collision when a vehicle directly to the side begins steering into it to change lanes||42%||4%|
|The system can automatically reduce speed on a tight curve without the driver doing anything||56%||27%|
Potential consumer misunderstandings of new vehicle technology need to be addressed. In a previous survey, 40 percent of Americans told AAA they expect active driving assistance systems, with names like Autopilot and ProPILOT, to have the ability to drive the car by itself. AAA recommends that automakers provide consumers information that is not only technically accurate but also balanced in terms of setting expectations that match what consumers will ultimately experience on the road. For consumers, there must be an emphasis on driver engagement and understanding the limitations of these technologies. Car dealers have a responsibility to educate car buyers on these technologies, but not to oversell a vehicle’s bells and whistles.
Drivers have a role to play, too. They are responsible for taking the time to understand the technology in their vehicle. New features, functions, and limitations should be understood before leaving the lot. Additional AAA Foundation research examined active driving assistance in on-road driving with research participants and found that when motorists receive detailed, comprehensive training on the system, they initially pay more attention to the overall driving task. To reduce misuse or overreliance on the systems, AAA recommends that new vehicle owners follow this PLAN:
- Purpose – Learn the purpose of active driving technology by reading the vehicle’s owner’s manual and visiting the manufacturer’s website.
- Limitations – Understand what the technology cannot do; do not make any assumptions about automation. An active driving system should not be confused with a self-driving one.
- Allow time for testing – Allow time for safe on-road testing, so drivers know exactly how this technology works in real driving situations.
- Never rely on it – Do not rely on this technology; instead, act as if the vehicle does not have it with the driver always prepared to retake control if needed.